Install Nginx Inside Docker Container in Linux

Install Nginx Inside Docker Container in Linux

Nginx is an open-source web server that serves web content to clients. It can also be used as a reverse proxy, load balancer, cache server, and more.

This tutorial explains how to install Nginx inside a Docker container in the Linux. Commands have been tested on Ubuntu.

Prepare environment

Make sure you have installed Docker in your system. If you are using Ubuntu, installation instructions can be found in the post.

Install Nginx

  • Host network

Run the following command to create a container for Nginx that uses host network:

docker run -d --name=nginx --restart=always --network=host \
    -v /var/www:/usr/share/nginx/html \
  • User-defined bridge network

User-defined bridge network can be used for listening on different port. By default, Nginx service is listening on port 80. It can be changed with -p option.

docker network create app-net
docker run -d --name=nginx --restart=always --network=app-net \
    -p 8080:80 \
    -v /var/www:/usr/share/nginx/html \

Testing Nginx

Create simple index.html for testing:

echo '<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><title>Title</title></head><body>Hello world</body></html>' | sudo tee /var/www/index.html

Open a web browser and go to http://<IP_ADDRESS>, where <IP_ADDRESS> is the IP address of the system. You will see a recently created page.

Nginx Inside Docker Container in Linux

Uninstall Nginx

To completely remove Nginx, remove its container:

docker rm --force nginx

Remove Nginx image:

docker rmi nginx

You can also remove Nginx web data:

sudo rm -rf /var/www

If a user-defined bridge network was created, you can delete it as follows:

docker network rm app-net

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