Apply Morphological Gradient Operation to an Image using OpenCV

Apply Morphological Gradient Operation to an Image using OpenCV

Morphological gradient is an image processing operation. It is the difference between dilation and erosion operations. Morphological gradient can be useful to determine the outline of the object.

The morphologyEx function with MORPH_GRADIENT parameter can be used to apply the morphological gradient operation to an image.

import cv2
import numpy as np

inputImg = cv2.imread('test.jpg')
inputImg = cv2.cvtColor(inputImg, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
_, inputImg = cv2.threshold(inputImg, 0, 255, cv2.THRESH_OTSU)

kernel = np.ones((4, 4))
outputImg = cv2.morphologyEx(inputImg, cv2.MORPH_GRADIENT, kernel)

cv2.imshow('Input image', inputImg)
cv2.imshow('Output image', outputImg)
#include <opencv2/opencv.hpp>

using namespace cv;

int main()
    Mat inputImg = imread("test.jpg");
    cvtColor(inputImg, inputImg, COLOR_BGR2GRAY);
    threshold(inputImg, inputImg, 0, 255, THRESH_OTSU);

    Mat kernel = getStructuringElement(MORPH_RECT, Size(4, 4));
    Mat outputImg;
    morphologyEx(inputImg, outputImg, MORPH_GRADIENT, kernel);

    imshow("Input image", inputImg);
    imshow("Output image", outputImg);

    return 0;
package app;

import org.opencv.core.*;
import org.opencv.highgui.HighGui;
import org.opencv.imgcodecs.Imgcodecs;
import org.opencv.imgproc.Imgproc;

public class Main
    static { System.loadLibrary(Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME); }

    public static void main(String[] args)
        Mat inputImg = Imgcodecs.imread("test.jpg");
        Imgproc.cvtColor(inputImg, inputImg, Imgproc.COLOR_BGR2GRAY);
        Imgproc.threshold(inputImg, inputImg, 0, 255, Imgproc.THRESH_OTSU);

        Mat kernel = Imgproc.getStructuringElement(Imgproc.MORPH_RECT, new Size(4, 4));
        Mat outputImg = new Mat();
        Imgproc.morphologyEx(inputImg, outputImg, Imgproc.MORPH_GRADIENT, kernel);

        HighGui.imshow("Input image", inputImg);
        HighGui.imshow("Output image", outputImg);

Morphological gradient operation applied to an image using OpenCV

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